Macular degeneration is the top cause of vision loss in people over 60. When the macula (the central area in the retina) deteriorates, macular degeneration is the result. This eye condition is also known as age-related macular degeneration because it progresses as one ages. It cannot completely blind someone, but it does drastically diminish their ability to see. Here are the two types of macular degeneration.
The ‘dry’ form of macular degeneration is identified by drusen (yellow deposits) in the macula. As drusen grow, they can distort and hinder vision. This particular form is often noticeable when reading. Dry form of macular degeneration is also characterized by tissue atrophy. This can create blind spots in your vision and ultimately cause patients to lose central vision.
The ‘wet’ form of macular degeneration is defined by blood vessels growing from the choroid beneath the macula. The blood vessels create a discharge into the retina, resulting in diminished vision. More specifically, wet macular degeneration can make straight lines look wavy, create blind spots, and loss of central vision. The bleeding from these abnormal blood vessels can result in scarring and permanent loss of central vision.
Patients often experience the dry form of macular degeneration, which can sometimes develop into the wet form. Of those with macular degeneration, 10% develop the wet form. This 10% is also the majority of patients who have major vision loss due to the disease.
The symptoms to watch out for
Macular degeneration is typified by blurriness, difficulty reading fine print, diminished resolution, dark areas in the center of vision, or an altered perception of color. If you have macular degeneration, it is vital to keep a close watch on your symptoms and regularly visit your eye specialist.
Arrange your eye appointment
At Richens Eye Center, we want to help you address your concerns and questions regarding your eye health. Let us help you but arranging a consultation today. You can reach our office by calling us at 435.986.2020 (St. George), 435.628.1112 (St. George on Sunset Blvd), or 702-346-2950 (Mesquite).